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Allergic contact dermatitis, sometimes referred to as just contact dermatitis, is a red, itchy rash on the skin. It can appear on any area of the skin that has been in contact with a trigger or allergen, but sometimes appears on various areas of the skin if an allergen has been ingested. Irritant contact dermatitis is a related condition that is triggered by irritants such as solvents, bleach or even shampoos.
Allergic contact dermatitis appears as a red and highly itchy area of skin. Sometimes the skin can become scaly or even develop blisters. The skin can also burn and feel swollen and very tender.
Allergic contact dermatitis is triggered by exposure to allergens. Common allergens that can cause this type of contact dermatitis include:
Individuals can be triggered by an allergen the first time they are exposed to it; in some scenarios, it takes continued exposure before an allergic reaction occurs.
Treatment for this condition typically begins with some basic home remedies, including applying cool, wet compresses, soaking in a cool bath, and avoiding scratching or irritating the area. Patients should also try to avoid the allergen that triggered the reaction at all times. In some cases, patients may require doctor-prescribed remedies, including:
All cases of allergic contact dermatitis are not the same, therefore we recommend seeing a specialist to help determine which treatment option is the best for you.