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Sebaceous gland hyperplasia refers to benign enlarged and dilated oil glands. These appear as yellowish to pink bumps scattered on the face. They are more common in people with a history of oily skin.
The most effective treatment is removal using either electrodessication or laser therapy. Electrodessication involves using an instrument called a Hyfrecator which heats the tissue allowing the lesion to be safely and gently removed without cutting the skin. Laser therapy is also an excellent treatment option for sebaceous hyperplasia. Carbon dioxide lasers such as the Ultrapulse Active Fx can be used to spot treat these lesions.
Prior to treatment with either method, an anesthetic cream is applied to the area to be treated for one hour. Each lesion will be touched with the Hyfrector or ablate it with the laser, gently wiping the lesion off the skin, with the application of Aquaphor as a healing ointment. The treated area will be pink and swollen for a few days, and crusts will form which will last one week. Keeping the area moisturized with Aquaphor will aid in healing. Two treatments spaced 6-8 weeks apart may be necessary. There is no true prevention of sebaceous gland hyperplasia, however using a topical retinoid regularly and glycolic or salicylic acid chemical peels may be helpful in controlling this condition.