What is Hidradinitis Supperrativa
Hidradinitis supperrativa is a skin condition that typically starts after puberty but can last for many years and get worse over time. It causes the skin to produce small, painful lumps. These lumps can form tunnels to one another or break open. Hidradinitis supperrativa most often shows up in parts of the body where the skin rubs together often, such as the groin or the armpits. This condition happens most frequently in women between 18 and 29 years of age.
Signs and Symptoms of Hidradinitis Supperrativa
Hidradenitis suppurativa can appear in isolated spots or in multiple regions of the body. Signs of the condition include:
- Blackheads, often in pairs
- Pea-sized lumps that are painful and multiply
- Tracts or tunnels
Some people with this condition experience only mild symptoms, but in some it can worsen and become very painful, interfering with quality of life.
What Causes Hidradinitis Suppurativa?
The exact cause of hidradenitis suppurativa is not known at this time, though hormones, inherited genes, and immune system issues are all suspected. What is known is that it appears when hair follicles in the skin become clogged. Those with obesity or metabolic disorders may be at a higher risk for developing the disease. Smoking may also increase the risk of developing this condition. This condition is not contagious and does not result from a lack of hygiene.
How Hidradinitis Suppurativa is Treated
There are several types of medication that may be used in the treatment of this condition, including. They include:
- Antibiotic creams for mild symptoms
- Systemic drugs for widespread conditions
- Pain medication when pain is present
In some cases, patients may need surgery to treat this condition. Surgery can involve uncovering the tunnels, punch debridement to remove single nodules, electrosurgery or laser therapy.