Acne

MEDICAL DERMATOLOGY

What is Acne?

Acne is a condition of the skin that results in pimples, whiteheads and blackheads. It occurs as a result of hair follicles becoming clogged with dead skin cells and oil. While most common in teenagers, it can be experienced by people of any age. The problem of acne can be compounded by the emotional stress this condition can create; in fact, stress is one of the triggers of this skin condition.

Signs and Symptoms of Acne

Acne can present in a number of different ways and can show up anywhere on the body, though it is most commonly found on the face and upper torso. Signs of acne include pustules, closed or open plugged pores and, in some cases, cystic lesions.

What Causes Acne?

There are four main causes of acne:

  • Excess sebum production
  • Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells
  • Bacteria on the skin
  • Inflammation

There are also certain conditions that can trigger an increase in acne, including:

  • Hormonal changes. When hormones fluctuate in teen years or in
    midlife, this can exacerbate acne and lead to breakouts.
  • Some medications. Drugs such as corticosteroids, testosterone or
    lithium can also affect acne.
  • Diet. Some studies indicate that certain foods such as breads and
    starches can increase breakouts in some individuals.
  • Stress. While not a cause of acne, stress can make it worse.

Where Does Acne Most Commonly Occur?

Acne can occur in a number of areas on the body. The most common sites where acne can occur include the face, forehead, chest, shoulders, and upper back. Acne appears in these areas more often because the skin in these regions have more sebaceous glands. Acne can, however, appear almost anywhere on the body, especially where hair grows. Hair can clog pores along with sebum, compounding the condition.

What Are the Different Types of Acne?

There are several different types of acne. Some of the most common are blackheads and whiteheads. Blackheads are open bumps filled with sebum and dead skin, while whiteheads are closed. Pimples that look like whiteheads with red rings are known as pustules and can cause scarring when aggravated or scratched. Additional types of acne that appear in more severe cases include nodules, which are very deep, and cysts, which are filled with pus.

Do Certain Foods Cause Acne?

What foods cause acne? They might not be the ones you think. While people often think that chocolate and greasy foods cause acne, they are not the culprits. The foods that cause acne include skim milk, sugary foods, and whey protein.

Another commonly asked question is “Does spicy food cause acne?” Spicy food does not cause acne, but it can inflame it, as spicy food tends to raise the body’s temperature.

How to Prevent Acne

Preventing acne involves a number of habits and best practices that you can easily incorporate into your life.

  • First and foremost, make sure to wash your face well twice a day with a facial cleanser and use OTC anti-acne treatments such as salicylic acid.
  • Try to avoid touching your face as much as possible to keep your face as clean as possible and only use makeup that is hypoallergenic and will not clog pores.
  • Moisturizing is another important way to prevent acne as it helps maintain the moisture balance and equilibrium of the skin.
  • Finally, stay out of the sun as much as possible and avoid scratching or picking at your skin if you do develop some acne, as this can exacerbate the condition.

When to See a Dermatologist

Anyone experiencing acne should consider seeing a dermatologist. Seeing a dermatologist is particularly important when acne is chronic, cystic, or inflamed and is resistant to most over-the-counter treatments. By working in partnership with your dermatologist, you can develop a system of interventions that can treat acne and return your skin to a healthier and more balanced state.

How Acne is Treated

Treatments for acne can vary depending on the individual’s age and the type or severity of the acne involved. Typical treatments often involve washing the affected areas and applying topical medications, such as retinoids or salicylic acid. In some situations, a doctor may recommend taking oral medication, as well, such as antibiotics or, in severe cases, Isotretinoin. If a patient is pregnant, treatment options may be limited due to health concerns.

Suggested Treatment Options


All cases of acne are not the same, therefore we recommend seeing a specialist to help determine which treatment option is the best for you.

Oral and Topical Medications

Dermatologists are experts in bacterial, viral and fungal infections in the skin and have a deep knowledge of how to best use antibiotics, antiviral and antifungal medications. Learn More

IPL

IPL is a light treatment used to affect and improve the appearance and condition of skin. IPL is different from a laser which uses only one wavelength of light. Learn More

Isolaz

Isolaz technology is an alternative that combines vacuum with a broadband light to address acne below the surface of the skin. Learn More

Infini Treatments

Infini treatments use a combination of micro needling and radiofrequency to energize and reinvigorate the skin. Learn More

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