Fungal Infections

MEDICAL DERMATOLOGY

What is a Fungal Infection?

A fungal infection, sometimes referred to as mycosis, is a condition of the skin in which it has been infected by a fungus. There are many different types of fungal infections. Some of the most common are athlete’s foot, yeast infections, ringworm, and jock itch. With any of these conditions, the interaction of the fungus with the skin causes rashes, bumps, irritation, and itching.

Signs and Symptoms of Fungal Infections

A fungal infection might present with any one of a number of symptoms. Signs to look for include:

  • Itchiness
  • Irritation
  • Scaly or dry skin
  • Red skin
  • Blisters

Depending on the type of fungal infection involved, mycosis can appear on different areas of the body, including the feet, groin, and face.

What Causes Fungal Infection?

Fungi is the only cause of a fungal infection. One or several fungi can cause various conditions, however. Athlete’s foot, for example, is caused by any one of four fungi. Any fungus requires certain conditions to flourish, and these conditions tend to present most often in moist or warm areas of the body. The fungus that causes ringworm can be picked up from any object, including furniture and clothes, but also prefers warm or humid environments.

How Fungal Infections Are Treated

Treatment for most fungal infections usually involves the application of antifungal medications to the affected area. Over the counter creams that can treat fungal infections include:

  • Clotrimazole
  • Miconazole
  • Terbinafine

In patients with severe infections, a doctor may recommend prescription medications either applied topically or taken orally. Home remedies may also include washing and drying the area and making sure that any clothing or socks in contact with the area are clean and changed regularly.

Suggested Treatment Options


All cases of fungal infections are not the same, therefore we recommend seeing a specialist to help determine which treatment option is the best for you.

Oral and Topical Medications

Dermatologists are experts in bacterial, viral and fungal infections in the skin and have a deep knowledge of how to best use antibiotics, antiviral and antifungal medications. Learn More

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