What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a condition of the skin that results in visible blood vessels and general redness in the face. Sometimes, small pus-filled reddish bumps are also present. The condition can flare up and last for several weeks then disappear for long periods of time. In some cases, rosacea is mistaken for acne. It can appear in anyone but rosacea is more likely to occur in women with light skin who are middle-aged. While there is no cure, it can be treated and its symptoms reduced.

Signs and Symptoms of Rosacea

The signs and symptoms to look for with rosacea can vary. Common signs include:

  • Persistent redness in the center of the face
  • Swollen and visible blood vessels on the nose and cheeks
  • Dry and irritated eyes
  • Enlarged nose caused by thickening skin

What Causes Rosacea?

There is no known cause of rosacea and it is not caused by poor self-care or hygiene. There may be genetic and environmental triggers at play. Additional factors that can cause flare-ups of rosacea include:

  • Hot drinks
  • Spicy foods
  • Extreme temperatures or weather
  • Sunlight and wind
  • Stress or strong emotions
  • Exercise
  • Blood pressure medications
  • Cosmetics

Risk factors for the condition include a genetic history, being female, having lighter skin, having sun damage, smoking and being over the age of 30.

How Rosacea is Treated

There are a number of ways to treat rosacea that can help reduce the severity of its symptoms. Patients can consider taking prescribed topical drugs that can reduce redness and can be very successful with mild to moderate cases. Azelaic acid, metronidazole and ivermectin can all help control the pimples that can present with rosacea. Finally, moderate to severe cases may require oral antibiotics or acne drugs.

Suggested Treatment Options

All cases of rosacea are not the same, therefore we recommend seeing a specialist to help determine which treatment option is the best for you.


PDL, or pulse dye laser, is a laser treatment used in dermatology to treat blood vessels in the skin. Learn More


Antibiotics are medicines used to stop infections created by the presence of bacteria. Learn More


Photofacials use IPL light treatment to affect and improve the appearance and condition of skin. Learn More

Oral and Topical Medications

Dermatologists are experts in bacterial, viral and fungal infections in the skin and have a deep knowledge of how to best use antibiotics, antiviral and antifungal medications. Learn More

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