What is a Vascular Condition?
A vascular condition can be any one of a number of skin conditions, including but not limited to spider veins, rosacea, hemangiomas, certain birthmarks and broken blood vessels. In a vascular condition, the blood vessels of the body are either damaged or act in such a way to affect the appearance and condition of the skin. In general, vascular conditions are cosmetic and do not require significant medical intervention.
Signs and Symptoms of Vascular Conditions
Signs and symptoms of vascular conditions can range widely. Some signs to look for can include:
- A visible, small vein or network of veins just under the skin
- In infants, a strawberry-colored birthmark
- A red rash across the cheeks
- Visible, veins around the nose and cheeks
- A flat, wine-colored “stain” across an area of the skin
What Causes Vascular Conditions?
Vascular conditions are caused by the abnormal growth or formation of the blood vessels or the lining of the vessels under the skin. This causes them to become visible through the skin. Vascular conditions can appear in the form of birthmarks, such as hemangiomas or port wine stains. In the case of spider veins or broken blood vessels, the condition can be triggered by trauma or injury. Spider veins can also be caused by obesity, heredity or fluctuations in hormone levels.
How Vascular Conditions are Treated
Broken blood vessels and spider veins can be treated by sclerotherapy. This involves injecting a solution into the veins, damaging them and causing them to shrink and become less visible. Birthmarks such as hemangiomas typically disappear on their own. If they do not or if they somehow interfere with vision or wellness, they can be treated with corticosteroids or surgery. Laser treatments can also be effective in the treatment of some birthmarks, including port wine stains.