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Wrinkles are a natural and normal condition of the skin wherein the skin develops deep creases over time. They are a natural function of aging but also can be affected by lifestyle choices and genetics. Wrinkles do not cause any physical discomfort but their appearance can cause some emotional and psychological distress. For this reason, many seek out treatments and remedies that can either reduce or eliminate the appearance of wrinkles.
Wrinkles can appear anywhere on the skin but are most common in sun-exposed areas such as the face and neck. Signs of wrinkles include:
Wrinkles can begin as fine lines which deepen over time.
Wrinkles are the result of aging, which results in the loss of collagen and other proteins in the skin. As we age, we also repeat certain movements and expressions again and again, which can deepen wrinkles. Lifestyle choices such as smoking and getting too much sun can also increase your chance of developing wrinkles. There is also a genetic component; some people are more predisposed to develop wrinkles due to inherited traits.
There are many steps individuals can take to prevent or slow the development of wrinkles. As a primary line of defense, patients can engage in lifestyle choices that promote healthy skin. These options include:
Sleeping on one’s back can also help slow down the development of wrinkles on the face and chest, as can getting enough sleep each night.
Topical interventions that can slow the formation of wrinkles include retinoids and moisturizers. Individuals can use these products on a regular basis to maintain the skin’s moisture barrier, reduce the appearance of fine lines and increase the production of collagen in the skin.
It is also recommended that individuals wear sunscreen on a daily basis.
One of the most common ways to treat wrinkles is through the application of topical retinoids, which can reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Cosmetic creams with peptides, retinol and antioxidants can also help. For deeper wrinkles, medical procedures are often necessary. These procedures can be done quickly and easily in a dermatologist’s office and include laser resurfacing, photodynamic therapy, chemical peels and microdermabrasion. Patients might also consider getting injectable dermal fillers to fill in particularly deep furrows or to combat volume loss that increase the appearance of certain wrinkles.